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2nd Sunday in Ordinary Time (A) January 15, 2023

Isaiah 49: 3, 5-6; Psalm 40;
1 Corinthians 1: 1-3; John 1:29-34

by Jude Siciliano, OP

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Dear Preachers:

The passage from Isaiah today is the second of four Servant Songs located between chapters 40-55. Today’s song was addressed to the Israelites in Babylonian exile. The "you" being addressed is ambiguous – perhaps intentionally. Thus, one way of hearing the message is as a personal address to each of us. But, the "you" could also to be addressed to the nation of Israel. As God’s chosen servant she had been unfaithful to her covenant with God and had suffered the consequences. Babylonian armies had overrun the country and taken the most educated and talented citizens off into exile. They left the feeble behind, the cities destroyed and the land in ruins.

While the people had given up on God, God had not given up on them. Even though they proved unworthy, God still reached out to them. It seems nothing can squelch God’s love and on-going quest for us. God joins us in the exiles of our own making, renews the promise of fidelity, draws us out of the foreign places we find ourselves and shows us the way home – accompanying us each step of the journey. (The poet Francis Thompson described God’s constant pursuit of the lost soul in, "The Hound of Heaven." Here’s a link to the poem:

Israel will be brought back from exile, but God’s wonders will not stop there. The Servant will be given another mission, for God has still bigger plans for the people; they are to be a "light to the nations." There are to be no national, racial, ethnic, or religious boundaries. God wants to rescue all people, the whole world, from exile and imprisonment. All nations, not just the Jews, are included in God’s plan. (In his letters Paul will proclaim, with amazement, God’s saving plan for the Gentiles.)

In our country’s "Pledge of Allegiance," we describe ourselves as "one nation under God." If we were to view our national identity through Isaiah’s eyes, we would have quite a responsibility, not only to our own people, but to the world. Our concern should be for more than our own well-being. As those called to be servants and looking through God’s eyes, we must reach out to people imprisoned in the darkness of poverty, disease, depression, war, etc. – whomever and wherever they might be.

We have a long way to go before we, as a nation, can be called a servant of God’s compassion and peace in the world. We could pray at this Eucharist for our country, asking God to help us hear God’s Word and be converted by what we hear, so that we can be a light to people living in the dark, for our nation, the people of the world and our planet itself.

Early Christians were drawn to the Servant Songs of Isaiah and they saw themselves as a people called out of exile through Jesus, God’s obedient servant. Jesus was the sign of God’s compassion and justice to all nations – "...that my salvation may reach to the ends of the earth." The same Christians also saw themselves in the prophetic role of God’s servant, called and challenged to be a people of light; a sign of God’s outreach to all who dwell in any kind of darkness.

And isn’t that who we modern Christians are as well? In Jesus, we are called to be a "light to the nations," so that God’s saving salvation may be felt "to the ends of the earth?" Being called a "light to the nations" doesn’t just emphasize our missionary activities as a church. If we are lights then we are on display all the time. Who we are as a faith community and how we interact among ourselves, will also be a message to those in exile, calling them out of their darkness into a loving community of faith. If we are faithful to our call, living as Paul describes us today, those "who have been sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be holy...," then we will be the servant people Isaiah envisioned, a "light to the nations."

The gospel today makes a shift. Until now we have been focusing on John, Jesus’ precursor. Now the gospel, through the Baptist’s testimony, passes us from John to Jesus. But before we make that move, let’s linger a moment longer with John.

Imagine what John the Baptist had to go through in his ministry. It started when he received a call to announce the one coming after him who would be greater then he; one John names today as, "the Lamb of God." This was the one who would take away the "sin of the world." At first, John didn’t know who this one coming would be. He had to wait for a further revelation, as he testifies today, "At first, I did not know him…."

In fact, twice John admits, "I did not know him." John had to wait to see the Spirit descend "like a dove" and remain on Jesus. When that happened, then John would finally know the one he had been expecting and preparing the people to receive – the one who would "baptize with the Holy Spirit."

John had to work blind for a while. He received his initial call, then had to wait. But his waiting didn’t mean he sat down and did nothing. He got busy and acted on his call, trusting that when the moment came to see the fulfillment of his ministry God would show him what to do next. John reminds us of the Magi. They received a message when they first saw the star in the night sky. They responded, leaving home, to follow the message of the star. But they, like John, had to go a while before they arrived at their goal and recognized Jesus.

As the baptized, we are all involved in ministry. Some of us have official positions within the church, others respond privately to the needs around us. Each of us has heard a call to ministry. Our lives are marked by these ministries and by the people who need us. But, in many ways, like John and the Magi, we work in the dark. Not only the in darkness of our world, but also in the darkness of our call. We invest ourselves in what we know we must do, but we have questions along the way: How much longer shall I continue to minister in this way? Am I in the right ministry for my talents? Why doesn’t what I do in service receive more official recognition? I thought after these years of ministry I would have made more of an impact. Looking back, did I receive a call at all, or was it my imagination or vanity?

I don’t think some of these questions were foreign to the Baptist. He did have a keen sense of having been called. But then, he had to work until he got the next sign; the one indicating Jesus’ identity. Like the Magi, and like some of us, he journeyed without knowing the end results of his labors. But he anticipated that God would not leave him, but would be there for him, at the appropriate time, to reveal the next step to take.

There is an end awaiting us; a time when we will see God face to face and there will be no more darkness. On this, we place all our hope. Until then, we continue our service in the Lord’s name. We stay committed to our faith community, especially when we gather in Eucharistic celebration. We also seek the Lord in regular times of prayer.

If we are to make significant changes, like the Magi’s packing up to begin a search or, like John’s fulfilling his mission, we will need guidance in our ministry. Then, we shall place ourselves in a more intensive listening mode through quiet prayer; reflective reading and even seeking the counsel of a wise person who can help us identify the call of the Lord in our lives. I am grateful to such people who helped me notice the descent of the Spirit at important and transitional moments of my life. Thankfully, someone was there to help me say, "I saw the Spirit come down like a dove…." Who are those people for you? Let us give thanks.

Click here for a link to this Sunday’s readings:


"Remembering Why We Preach, "Karla J. Bellnger and Michael E. Conners, CSC.

(Notre Dame: Ave Maria Press, 2022)

This an eight-part retreat for preachers focusing on spiritual renewal as well as skill development needed for effective preaching.


I announced your justice in the vast assembly
Psalm 40:10

When I read today’s scripture passage, I couldn’t help but draw a parallel with my little effort through the Justice Bulletin Board to teach and offer ways to bring God’s justice to the world. As a beautiful poem by Howard Thurman states:

When the song of the angels is silent

When the star in the sky is gone

When the kings and princes are home

When the shepherds are again tending their sheep

When the manger is darkened and still

The work of Christmas begins. . .

To find the lost, To heal the broken, To feed the hungry,

To shelter the homeless, To rebuild the nations,

To teach God’s Children, To bring peace among people,

To befriend the lonely, To release the prisoner,

To make music in the heart.

God’s loving justice is this--that all God’s children will be able to live in a world where they can be who God created them to be. We have a lot of work to do. Yesterday, we began with the Mass and March for Life NC, but that is not the end.

Pope Francis writes: "When we speak of mankind, we must never forget the various attacks on the sacredness of human life. The plague of abortion is an attack on life. . .Dying on the job because the minimum safety standards are not respected is an attack on life. Death from malnutrition is an attack on life. Terrorism, war, violence; so is euthanasia. Loving life means always taking care of the other, wanting the best for him, cultivating and respecting her transcendent dignity" (5/30/15).

When we speak of the right to life, we need to support positive measures in policies that help disadvantaged mothers care for their children, such as food, housing, childcare credits, and healthcare for both child and mother. We need to work to protect the life found in the biodiversity of our planet as a healthy biodiversity supports healthy lives. Another imperative, is to work to end the "isms" that diminish the dignity of the human person, especially racism. We need to oppose the death penalty and to work for promoting diplomacy over the instruments of war and the military industrial complex. As I stated, we have a lot of work to do.

Tomorrow, we can pray together at noon on MLK Jr. Day, thereby, announcing God’s justice in the assembly gathered at HNOJ Cathedral.

Barbara Molinari Quinby, MPS, Director,

Office of Human Life, Dignity, and Justice Ministries

Holy Name of Jesus Cathedral, Raleigh, NC


Mini-reflections on the Sunday scripture readings designed for persons on the run. "Faith Book" is also brief enough to be posted in the Sunday parish bulletins people take home.

From today’s Gospel reading:

John testified further, saying,

"I saw the Spirit come down like a dove from heaven and remain upon him....

Now I have seen and testified that he is the Son of God.


Twice John the Baptist admits, "I did not know him." For a while he had to proceed with his mission on faith, waiting for God to point out the One whose coming John had been proclaiming.. When the Spirit descended on Jesus, John’s waiting had been fulfilled. We often have to continue doing the good that we do without seeing immediate results. Like John we put our trust in God, who first called us.

So we ask ourselves:

  • Do you sometimes weary of not seeing immediate results for your good efforts?

  • What signs do you look for to confirm that you are doing God’s will?


Many people say that we need the death penalty in order to have "justice for the victims."

But so many family members of murder victims say over and over that the death penalty is not what they want. It mirrors the evil. It extends the trauma. It does not provide closure. It creates new victims… it is revenge, not justice.

Killing is the problem, not the solution.

----Shane Claiborne, Death Penalty Action's Advisory Board Chairman,

This is a particularly vulnerable time for state and federal prisoners. I invite you to write a postcard to one or more of the inmates listed below to let them know we have not forgotten them. If the inmate responds you might consider becoming pen pals.

Please write to:

  • Edward Davis #0100579 (On death row since 3/12/1992)
  • Kenneth Rouse #0353183 (3/25/1992)
  • Michael Reeves #0339314 (5/14/1992)

----Central Prison, P.O. 247 Phoenix, MD 21131

Please note: Central Prison is in Raleigh, NC., but for security purposes, mail to inmates is processed through a clearing house at the above address in Maryland.

For more information on the Catholic position on the death penalty go to the Catholic Mobilizing Network:

On this page you can sign "The National Catholic Pledge to End the Death Penalty." Also, check the interfaith page for People of Faith Against the Death Penalty:


"First Impressions" is a service to preachers and those wishing to prepare for Sunday worship. It is sponsored by the Dominican Friars. If you would like "First Impressions" sent weekly to a friend, send a note to Fr. John Boll, OP at

If you would like to support this ministry, please send tax deductible contributions to Fr. Jude Siciliano, OP:

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Irving, Texas 75062-4736

Make checks payable to: Dominican Friars.

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1. We have compiled Four CDS for sale:

  • Individual CDs for each Liturgical Year, A, B or C
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If you are a preacher, lead a Lectionary-based scripture group, or are a member of a liturgical team, these CDs will be helpful in your preparation process. Individual worshipers report they also use these reflections as they prepare for Sunday liturgy.

You can order the CDs by going to our webpage: and clicking on the "First Impressions" CD link on the left.

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3. Our webpage: - Where you will find "Preachers’ Exchange," which includes "First Impressions" and "Homilías Dominicales," as well as articles, book reviews, daily homilies and other material pertinent to preaching.

4. "First Impressions" is a service to preachers and those wishing to prepare for Sunday worship. It is sponsored by the Dominican Friars. If you would like "First Impressions" sent weekly to a friend, send a note to Fr. John Boll, OP at the above email address.

Thank you and blessings on your preaching,

Fr. Jude Siciliano, OP

Jude Siciliano, OP - Click to send email.

St. Albert the Great Priory & Novitiate

3150 Vince Hagan Drive

Irving, Texas 75062-4736


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